Reality of Women Empowerment in India

India, the seventh-largest country by area, the second most populated country, the most populous democratic country and, one of the oldest civilizations in the world. The constitution of India is a unique. It provides a mixture of federalism and Unitarianism, and flexibility and with the rigidity.

Article 15 of the constitution says that the state shall not discriminate one against only of religion, race, gender, place of birth, or any of them. Despite that India has been named the 4th most dangerous country in the world for women in the last year’s Thomson Reuters Foundation survey.

Let me tell you some facts about this,

– The sex ratio of India in 2019 was 1070 males per 1000 women and the global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1016 male to 1000 females as of 2019.

– The literacy rate among females is 56.8% and among males is 72.3% in India in 2019.

We are in the year 2020 but the gender gap still exists in India. According to the World Economic Forum (WEF), India has been slipped to the 112th position out of 153 countries in Gender Gap Index 2019 [Gender gap index examines the gap between men and women on the basis of 4 fundamental categories: economic participation, educational attainment, health care, and political empowerment.]

We are living in a country where a baby girl is a mother’s awful shame. Over the past 30 years in India, more than 10 million female babies have been aborted. The pressure to have a son is so terrifying – a mother who bears daughters are beaten or tortured mentally. People don’t want a girl child because of the financial burden associated with her. The girl child has to face gender discrimination from birth even before birth. Her health, her education, her choices are always disregarded at every stage of life. I don’t understand, why? Is it not that kid’s fault that she doesn’t have an extra standing bone in her body? In a country like India, where people boast and preach about great culture and values where women are worshiped. People don’t even see women as human beings.

Even if the parents are happy with the girl child, society will make them feel miserable. Our orthodox society still thinks that “Boys are better than girls! “ I’m not saying that girls are better but both are equal and deserve equal love and respect.

It is okay if a girl plays with the toy cars instead of Barbie dolls. It is okay if a boy plays with the kitchen set instead of bikes. Boy can wear pink and girl can wear blue. A boy can learn dance and a girl can fly planes. Their choices in life should not depend on their gender.

People say bringing up a daughter is like watering a neighbor’s plant. This mentality is worst. It give a notion of being a outsider in your own house to a girl. Parents start saving for her marriage since childhood. It give her a sense that she is a burden. and if she wants to study and try to support her parents, they believe that its a sin because a girl child is someone else’s property. Parents start preparing a girl for marriage since childhood. Her dreams, ambitions, likes , dislikes are neglected brutally.

In India, women still need the support of a husband and a family to live in society. A single parent and women still a taboo in society. If a woman is successful in her profession then the first thing that comes in people’s minds is that there has to be something fishy about it especially if she’s a young single mother. There are more than 13 million single moms in India, yet taboo against them is unchanged.

Menstruation is still a taboo. people don’t talk about it freely in families. Girls character is judged by her choice of clothing. This not it a women has to face a lot of prejudice and stereotypes in her whole life from the birth.

The sexism and misogyny is so deep rooted in Indian mindset. Its hard to change this rigid mindset in one day. I strongly believe Only parents has the power to prevail gender equality in India. Parents have to be more mindful towards parenting. The crime against women is increasing day by day. Domestic Violence, Rape, Sexual harassment, molestation, eve-teasing, Dowry death, honor killing, forced prostitution, sexual-exploitation, at workplaces is a common affair today. Women belonging to any class, caste, creed or religion can be victims of any form of violence to put a woman in her place.

Child marriages are still prevalent in several rural areas. Around 70% of women in India are victims of domestic violence, according to Renuka Chowdhury, former Union minister for Women and Child Development. Physical, psychological, or sexual abuse by husband or his family members is still not considered as a crime, it is seen more as a private or family matter.

In 2017, a study by Monster Salary Index (MSI) showed the overall gender pay gap in India was 20 percent. In most Indian families, women do not own any property in their own names, and do not get a share of parental property.

Women reported almost 34,000 rapes in 2018, barely changed from the year before. Just over 85 percent led to charges, and 27 percent to convictions, according to the National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) — the annual crime report released by the Ministry of Home Affairs. One woman reported a rape every 15 minutes on an average in India in 2018, according to government data. Women’s rights groups say crimes against women are often taken less seriously.

ANALYSIS:

From the above facts, we can interpret that economic, social, cultural, legal, and political factors are responsible for gender inequality in India. India needs to deactivate Gender Inequality. The needs of the day are trends where girls are able not only to break out of the culturally determined patterns of employment but also to offer advice about career possibilities that looks beyond the traditional list of jobs.

It is surprising that in spite of so many laws, women still continue to live under stress and strain. To ensure equality of status for our women we still have miles to go. Man and Women are like two wheels of a carriage. The life of one without the other is incomplete.

SUGGESTIONS:

There is a solution to every problem. For reducing gender inequality in India, Girls should have high level of education and freedom of choice to live their life. Girls should also give an opportunity to actively participate in politics & social activities so that social integration in Indian society can be made.

The government should make policies & strategies regarding stopping sex identification & abortions. In the context of the above NGOs can also play an important role to eradicate Gender Inequality. Politicians should frame out policies for increasing social welfare development regarding this issue.

The Campaign of our Prime Minister Mr. Narender Modi “Beti Bachao Beti Padhao” can be successful when the mindset of Indian society will be changed towards women.


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