The human body has a natural alarm for any kind of danger. These alarms work as a raised heartbeat, sweating, and increased sensitivity to surroundings. In any kind of stress, our body releases a hormone into the bloodstream called andrenalin. This boost in andrenalin is also known as the ‘fight-or-flight’ response. It prepares human to confront or flee any threats or danger to safety. That’s all the mechanism.
Everyone feels anxious now and then because of any reason. It is a normal emotion if it is under control. An anxiety while crossing road make you instinctively look both ways to avoid danger.
Most Anxieties revolve around work, money, family life, health, and other crucial issues. which demand our attention without ‘fight-or-flight’ reaction.
Anxiety disorders are different. It can cause a constant and overwhelming feeling of worry and fear and can be disabling. But with treatment, many people can manage those feelings.
The American Psychological Association (APA) defines anxiety as “an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physical changes like increased blood pressure.”
Anxiety disorder includes different conditions:
Generalized anxiety disorder: Excessive, unrealistic worry and tension with little or no reason.
All anxiety disorders share some general symptoms:
- Panic, fear, and uneasiness
- Sleep problems
- Not being able to stay calm and still
- Cold, sweaty, numb or tingling hands or feet
- Shortness of breath
- Heart palpitations
- Dry mouth
- Tense muscles
Researchers don’t know the exact cause. Like other forms of mental illness, they stem from a combination of things like changes in brain and environmental stress, and even genes. The disorder could be linked to faulty circuits in the brain that controls fear and other emotions.
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