All you need to know about “Anxiety Disorders”

The human body has a natural alarm for any kind of danger. These alarms work as a raised heartbeat, sweating, and increased sensitivity to surroundings. In any kind of stress, our body releases a hormone into the bloodstream called andrenalin. This boost in andrenalin is also known as the ‘fight-or-flight’ response. It prepares human to confront or flee any threats or danger to safety. That’s all the mechanism.

Everyone feels anxious now and then because of any reason.  It is a normal emotion if it is under control. An anxiety while crossing road make you instinctively look both ways to avoid danger.

Most Anxieties revolve around work, money, family life, health, and other crucial issues. which demand our attention without ‘fight-or-flight’ reaction.

Anxiety disorders are different. It can cause a constant and overwhelming feeling of worry and fear and can be disabling. But with treatment, many people can manage those feelings.

anxiety

The American Psychological Association (APA) defines anxiety as “an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physical changes like increased blood pressure.”

Anxiety disorder includes different conditions:

Generalized anxiety disorder: Excessive, unrealistic worry and tension with little or no reason.

Panic disorder: A Random feeling of terror. It can cause sweating,  chest pain, and strong or irregular heartbeats.
Social anxiety disorder: An overwhelming worry and self-consciousness about everyday social situations. You fixate on others judging you.
Specific phobias: You feel an intense fear of a specific object or situation, such as heights or flying. The fear goes beyond what’s appropriate and may cause you to avoid ordinary situations.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): Thoughts or actions that are repetitive, distressing, and intrusive. OCD suffers usually know that their compulsions are unreasonable or irrational. Yet, they serve to reduce their anxiety. Such as cleaning personal items or hands or check locks, stoves, or light switches again and again.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): It results from previous trauma. Such as military combat, sexual assault, a hostage situation, or a serious accident.
Separation anxiety disorder: A separation from a person or place which provides feelings of security or safety can cause “SAD”. Separation sometimes results in panic symptoms. when the response is excessive or inappropriate after separation, It is a disorder.
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Photo by Sydney Sims on Unsplash

All anxiety disorders share some general symptoms:

  • Panic, fear, and uneasiness
  • Sleep problems
  • Not being able to stay calm and still
  • Cold, sweaty, numb or tingling hands or feet
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart palpitations
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Tense muscles
  • Dizziness

Causes:

Researchers don’t know the exact cause. Like other forms of mental illness, they stem from a combination of things like changes in brain and environmental stress, and even genes. The disorder could be linked to faulty circuits in the brain that controls fear and other emotions.

Managing Symptoms:

These tips may help you control or lessen your symptoms:
1. Cut down on caffeine, such as coffee, tea, cola, energy drinks, and chocolate. Caffeine is a mood-altering drug, and it may make symptoms of anxiety disorders worse.
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2. Eat right, exercise, and get better sleep. Exercises help to release brain chemicals that cut stress and improve your mood.
3. Sleep problems and anxiety disorder often go hand in hand. Make getting good rest a priority. Follow a relaxing bedtime routine. Talk to your doctor if you still have trouble sleeping.
4. Ask your doctor or pharmacist before taking any over-the-counter meds or herbal remedies. Many contain chemicals that can make anxiety symptoms worse.
5. Learning to manage stress can help limit potential triggers.
6. Meditation, deep breathing, long baths, and yoga are very helpful to ease the signs of anxiety.
7. Make a list of the negative thoughts you experience. Then write down a list of positive, believable thoughts to replace them. You will feel better.
8. Talk with a person who is supportive, such as a family member or friend.
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